Sports and fitness(1)

[Test]

Overtake on a blind corner

Graffiti/ graffito(plural)

Go on the rampage到處進行暴力或破壞活動 destroy everything

To forge a signature

To tow sth away

It’s daylight robbery

To get away with murder

Eminent(repect)

Lenient

Extortion

Subliminal / affecting someone’s mind without their being aware of it

Suffocate

Manslaughter/ slaughterhouse屠宰場

Turbulent

Crucial

To mug sth

 

To heal rifts/ a rift

rift分裂;分歧;嚴重不和

The rift within the party deepens. 黨派內部的分歧在加深。

a serious marriage rift 嚴重的婚姻裂痕

Efforts to heal the rift between the two countries have failed. 彌合兩國間分歧的各種努力都已失敗。

 

To prevent serious matters from being discussed

To boost civic pride國民的驕傲

To offer drama and tension 緊張氣氛 uncountable

To bring people together

To fuel tensions 緊張局勢

a situation in which people do not trust each other, or feel unfriendly towards each other, and which may cause them to attack each other 緊張局勢(或關係、狀況) uncountable countable usually plural ~ (between A and B)

international/racial/political tensions 國際緊張局勢;種族間的緊張關係;政治上的緊張狀況

Family tensions and conflicts may lead to violence. 家庭的緊張關係和矛盾可能會導致暴力。

Feul /to increase something; to make something stronger 增加;加強;刺激

to fuel speculation/rumours/fears 引起猜測/謠傳/恐懼

Higher salaries helped to fuel inflation. 工資提高刺激通貨膨脹。

 

To spark violence

Spark / to cause something to start or develop, especially suddenly 引發;觸發

The proposal would spark a storm of protest around the country. 這一提案將引發全國性的抗議浪潮。

Winds brought down power lines, sparking a fire. 大風颳斷電線,引起了火災。

 

To pick yourself up after a defeat挫敗/disappointment/ failure

Use sport as a conversational crutch

After the accident I spent six months on crutches. 事故後我用了六個月的腋杖。

 

To dominate the media

to control or have a lot of influence over somebody/something, especially in an unpleasant way 支配;控制;左右;影響

 

To have a mind-numbing effect麻木, no thinking, like vegetable

 

To foster a competitive edge競爭優勢

Foster/ to encourage something to develop 促進;助長;培養;鼓勵 VN written

The club’s aim is to foster better relations within the community. 俱樂部的宗旨是促進團體內部的關係。

 

meet something with something

to react to something in a particular way (對某事)做出…反應;以…作為回應

His suggestion was met with howls of protest. 他的建議引起了一陣陣的抗議聲。

 

To hail / to describe somebody/something as being very good or special, especially in newspapers, etc. 讚揚(或稱頌)…為(尤用於報章等)

The conference was hailed as a great success. 會議被稱頌為一次巨大的成功。

 

A significant proportion of ….

 

To greet sth with a mixture of cynicism譏笑 and dismay詫異/喪氣

to react to somebody/something in a particular way (以某種方式)對…作出反應 usually passive ~ sb/sth (with/as sth) VN

The changes were greeted with suspicion. 這些變革受到人們的懷疑。

The team’s win was greeted as a major triumph. 這個隊獲勝被看成是一個重大的勝利。

Loud cheers greeted the news. 這消息受到熱烈歡呼。

To her dismay, her name was not on the list. 使她難過的是,名單上沒有她的名字。

 

Be down to / be down to somebody/something

to be caused by a particular person or thing 由…引起(或造成)

She claimed her problems were down to the media. 她聲稱她的問題是媒體造成的。

 

A massive hike in council tax

Hike/ a large or sudden increase in prices, costs, etc. (價格、花費等的)大幅度提高,猛增 ~ (in sth) informal especially American English

a tax/price hike 稅額╱價格的大幅度增長

the latest hike in interest rates 新近利率的大幅上揚

 

pessimist/ pessimistic

 

A mountain of …/work許多;大量

Mountains of sandwiches

 

To saddle with / to saddle somebody/yourself with something often passive

to give somebody/yourself an unpleasant responsibility, task, debt, etc. 使某人(或自己)肩負重擔

I’ve been saddled with organizing the conference. 我被派擔當組織會議的重任。

The company was saddled with debts of £12 million. 公司背着 1/f200 萬英鎊的債務。

 

pay something↔off

to finish paying money owed for something 付清;償清

We paid off our mortgage after fifteen years. 我們歷經十五年的時間還清了抵押借款。

 

To extinguish the flames. 熄滅;撲滅

Firefighters tried to extinguish the flames. 消防隊員奮力救火。

All lights had been extinguished. 所有燈光都熄滅了。 Formal

 

Dissent不同意見,異議 uncountable n/ v

political/religious dissent 政治觀點/宗教信仰上的分歧

 

To revolve around/round sth …..

His whole life revolves around surfing. 他一生都在做衝浪運動。

She thinks that the world revolves around her. 她以為整個世界都以她為中心。

 

Precedent /a similar action or event that happened earlier 先前出現的事例;前例;先例

Precedented有前例可循的

Unprecedented前所未有的;空前的

unprecedented levels of unemployment 空前的失業水平

The situation is unprecedented in modern times. 這種情況在現代還沒有出現過。

 

To channel-surf

 

Roost /a place where birds sleep (鳥類的)棲息

rule the roost

to be the most powerful member of a group 當頭頭;充當首領;主宰 informal

 

terrestrial TV電視和廣播系統; 陸地上的,地面上的(與衞星相對而言)

Cable, satellite

 

Trampoline /’træmpəlin/  to jump on a trampoline 在蹦床上彈跳

 

Utter = complete

 

Wall to wall (adj)/ continuous; happening or existing all the time or everywhere 連續的;無時不在的;到處存在的 informal only before noun

wall-to-wall TV sports coverage 連續的電視體育報道

 

lament /lə’mɛnt/ to feel or express great sadness or disappointment about somebody/something 對…感到悲痛;痛惜;對…表示失望

She sat alone weeping, lamenting her fate. 她獨自坐着哭泣,哀歎自己的命運。

 

Ruthless ↔ ruth

a ruthless dictator 殘酷無情的獨裁者

 

cut-throat 競爭激烈的;殘酷無情的

rival companies engaged in cut-throat competition 處於激烈競爭中的對頭公司

the cut-throat world of politics 鬥得你死我活的政界

 

A win- at- any- costs mentality is unsavory [ʌnˈsevərɪ] (道德上)名譽不好的

 

ever-increasing 不斷增加

escapism/escape

 

salutary /’sæljəˈtɛrɪ/ 有益的

a salutary lesson/experience/warning 有益的教訓╱經歷╱告誡

 

on top of…= in addition to…

 

long-standing rifts

 

enliven/ to make something more interesting or more fun 使更有生氣(或活力) verb VN formal

 

keep an eye on somebody/something

to take care of somebody/something and make sure that they are not harmed, damaged, etc. 照看;留神;留意

 

in the run-up to the election預備階段/快將投票的時候

to run neck to neck

horses for courses/  the act of matching people with suitable jobs or tasks 知人善任 British English

To throw in the towel= admit defeat

You’re save by the bell

To be out of your depth

To swim against tide

to agree with/oppose the attitudes or opinions that most other people have 順應╱逆潮流;趕╱反潮流

 

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