Get the wrong end of the stick
To stretch yourself
To have another string to your bow.
the hard outer surface of bread 麵包皮 countable uncountable
sandwiches with the crusts cut off 切掉麵包皮的三明治
mole鼴鼠, a small dark brown mark on the skin
Ominous惡兆的 , omen /ˈəʊmən/徵兆
That sounds ominous.
A blessing of disguise因禍得福喬裝的祝福 She disguised herself as a boy. 她女扮男裝。
Come out of the blue爆出大冷門
Irregular: misheard; misheard /-ˈhɜːd/
You may have misheard her─I’m sure she didn’t mean that. 你可能聽錯她的話了 我肯定她不是這個意思。
Cope +(with sth) manage
He wasn’t able to cope with the stresses and strains of the job. 對付這項工作的緊張與壓力，他無能為力。
To be hooked on sth
To stop cold
Giving a presentation
know your topic
know your audience
ask professionals for advice
what facility will you have>
How much time do you have?
Write a drift
Practice with yourself
The reaction of the audience
Use visual aids.
In front of an audience
Make a mess of it 把…弄糟
Ironically [aɪˈrɑnɪklɪ] 說反話地
interesting, strange or funny because of being very different from what you would usually expect
[+ that] It is ironic that although many items are now cheaper to make, fewer people can afford to buy them.
showing that you really mean the opposite of what you are saying
an ironic comment/reply
Building confidence through preparation and practice is really important.
tutorial /tu’tɔrɪəl/ in ~
a certain format to follow up
a logical connection bwteen…
to take question as you proceed
to invite discussion at the end
Give an outline of the structure of talk
Gain the audience’s attention
Anecdote /’ænɪkˈdot/ 佚事；趣聞
amusing anecdotes about his brief career as an actor 關於他短暫演員生涯的趣聞佚事
rhetorical question /rɪ‘tɔrɪkḷ/ 修辭性疑問句;不需回答的反詰句
-Do you think I’m stupid?
Look it over carefully from the viewpoint of your intended audience
planned or designed for somebody/something 為…打算（或設計）的 ~ for sb/sth ~ as sth~ to be/do sth only before noun
- The book is intended for children. 這本書是為兒童寫的。
- The notes are intended as an introduction to the course. 這些筆記的目的是作為對這門課程的介紹。
try out sth for …
tummy /ˈtʌmi/ DJ /’tʌmɪ/ KK
1. the stomach or the area around the stomach 胃；肚子 noun informal
§ Mum, my tummy hurts. 媽媽，我肚子痛。
§ to have (a) tummy ache 肚子痛
§ a tummy bug/upset(= an illness when you feel sick or vomit) 反胃
make a conscious effect 刻意
of actions, feelings, etc. 行為、感情等 deliberate or controlled 慎重的；有意的；刻意的
- to make a conscious decision 作出慎重的決定
- I made a conscious effort to get there on time. 我刻意約束自己準時到達那裏。
- a conscious act of cruelty 有意而為的殘暴行徑
Make eye contact with people in a friendly way
A large hallßà A small room
To fiddle with one’s spectacles.
Keep your hands out of your pockets and away from you face.
Podium = lectern
Well- rewarding job, satisfying job
Blue-collar job, white-collar job
Care assistants, hairdressers, plumbers, chefs, florists, kawyers, teachers, estate agents, civil servants
@As can be seen from the chart, …
@As can be seen from a closer inspection of the chart, …
@As revealed by these charts,…
@As showed in this charts, ….
A serious loss of morale /məˈrɑːl/
@As is often the case with survey,…
@As you can see,…
There seems be an inverse relationship between A and B.
The limited number of responders means the results should be treated with caution.
Interpret 解釋 to explain the meaning of something 詮釋；說明
Indicate= establish 證實
Show = suggest
call in question對……表示懷疑 undermine
depict = clarify描述
have an influence on/ distort使失真
validate : to prove that something is true 證實；確認；確證
= go some way towards supporting…
To haven not fully taken sth into consideration= fail to take ….
Demonstrate = an act of giving proof or evidence for something suggest a need for