This famous author saw both hard times and good times
Pay monthly in installment on a card.
[Chelsea & Chip]
By 1832, 20-year-old Dickens was employed as a newspaper reporter. As his writing skills developed, he began composing stories of his own. He even adopted a pseudonym and started writing under the name Boz. After he had some success with his early writing, Dickens pursued a career as a novelist (author). Around the same time, he also married Catherine Hogarth, his editor’s daughter.
Many of Dickens’ most well-known novels first appeared as monthly installments in magazines. Oliver Twist was one such story, running from 1837 to 1839. As many of Dickens’ writings did, Oliver Twist exposed(show) the evils of society. Years later, David Copperfield (1849-1850) and Great Expectations (1860-1861) also ran as magazine series. Both of these famous works are said to be largely autobiographical. Dickens’ bad childhood memories of working in a factory come to life in these stories.
Dickens’ life had its share of difficult times. But in the end, those experiences brought him great success as an author.
[Ashley & Ken]
K: Hey, Ashley. What are you reading?
A: One of my childhood favorites, The Cat in the Hat, by Dr. Seuss.
K: Oh, that’s a great book. But why are you reading a childhood favorite when you are an adult now? Don’t you have any adulthood favorite?
A: (laugh) No, Ken. You can’t say adulthood favorite.
K: But you can say adulthood, right?
A: Yes, -hood is a suffix that means a particular state or period in someone’s life. So you can experience childhood as a child. You may even hear someone describe their boyhood.
K: Their boyhood? You mean the time in their life that they were a young boy?
A: Yes, and then there is girlhood as well. I could describe to you things I enjoyed in my girlhood. So it’s more colloquial to say childhood. Girlhood and boyhood are kind of old fashioned terms.
K: Hmm, what about brotherhood and sisterhood? I’ve heard these expressions used quite often. Do they refer to people who have brothers and sisters?
A: Well, they don’t have to be related to each other. For example, a group of women that are good friends might be a sisterhood. They are considered that because of the friendship and support they get from one another.
K: What about motherhood and fatherhood? Do they involve groups of people as well?
A: No, only in brother and sisterhood. Mother and fatherhood refers to the time in a person’s life that they experience being a parent.
K: So I’m experiencing fatherhood right now.
A: Yes. You are a dad, so you are enjoying your fatherhood.
K: Well, not when my son is throwing thing onto the floor, but yes, most of the time I enjoy being a dad.
A: And a great one at that.
今天的課文中提到Dickens的bad childhood memories，childhood就是童年時代。字尾的hood表示一種狀態或者階級，像adulthood是成年時期，fatherhood是指父親的身份，motherhood是母親的身份。字尾hood也可以表示某一個團體或圈子，比如sisterhood除了表示姐妹關係，也可以指婦女團體，brotherhood除了指兄弟關係，也可以表示志同道合的一群人。
installment (n) 分期,連載的部分;分期付款
I can’t wait to read the next installment of the author’s sci-fi novel series.
in installments 以分期付款的方式
Eric bought his stereo system in installments.
expose (v) 暴露,揭發
The bribery scandal surrounding the police officer was exposed by a reporter.
The newspaper exposed the widespread exploitation of sweatshops.
autobiographical (adj) 自傳式的
The autobiographical movie based on the pop star’s life was last summer’s biggest blockbuster.
Linda is writing an autobiographical novel about her childhood.
[Vocabulary & phrase]
compose (v) 創作,寫作
pseudonym (n) 假名,筆名
novelist (n) 小說家
installment (n) 分期連載
expose (v) 揭露,使曝光
autobiographical (adj) 自傳的
colloquial, compose, pseudonym, installment, autobiographical, expose, bribery, scandal, exploitation, sweatshop
成功; 成就; 勝利[U][C]
They have achieved remarkable success in their work. 他們在工作方面成績顯著。
She was a success as an actress. 她是位成功的女演員。
colloquial /kəˈləʊkwiəl/ DJ /-ˈloʊ-/ DJ US /kə‘lokwɪəl/ KK US
of words and language 詞語和語言 used in conversation but not in formal speech or writing 會話的；口語的 adjective
Derivative: colloquially adverb /-kwiəli/ DJ /-kwɪəlɪ/ KK
KK [ˋsɪstɚhʊd] DJ [ˋsistəhud] n. 名詞
It was sisterhood that made her give up her own interest in order to send her younger sisters to college. 是姊妹之情使她為了送妹妹們上大學而放棄了自己的利益。
His aunt was elected the representative of the whole sisterhood of nurses. 他的姑媽被選為全體護士婦女團體的代表。