15_Ceremonies, cerebrations and culture (4)

[Say Hollow]



Harrowing. This is a harrowing accident that Selina got burned. Extreme upsetting

Gross, digesting

In flood of tear



Eclectic eclectic thoughts and interests: a wide range of




Collateral demage

Make a sacrifice: to kill an animal or a person and offer them to a god or gods



Solemn: done, said, etc. in a very serious and sincere way 


Lavish = posh


Procession: a line of people who are all walking or travelling in the same direction,



Multicultural, no mean feat, phenomenon, in a sense, ghettoisation隔都化,suspision prejudice, main battle line, separation verse integration, single-faith, religious school, multi-faith and mixed-sex, holy day, a fasting and refection day, school assembly, inherit /ɪn’hɛrɪt/, exempt, lackluster, hymn, egg A on B, file the divorce, slave, tin, commonplace, dreary and bland, pine after= really miss, shrinking, empathy



be no mean feat 


to be a great achievement

Getting the job finished in under a week was no mean feat.


feat   /fiːt/ DJ   /fit/ KK

1.       an action or piece of work that needs skill, strength or courage 技藝;武藝;功績;業績;英勇事跡noun approving

    • The tunnel is a brilliant feat of engineering. 這條隧道是工程方面的光輝業績。

be no mean…

used to say that somebody is very good at doing something 了不起;很出色 approving

His mother was a painter, and he’s no mean artist himself. 他的母親是位畫家,他本人也是位很出色的藝術家。


in a sense(phrase) 就某種意義來說;有點兒


ghetto   /ˈɡetəʊ/ DJ   /ˈɡetoʊ/ DJ US   /’gɛto/ KK US

  • noun
    • Irregular: 

-os plural;   -oes plural

2.       an area of a city where many people of the same race or background live, separately from the rest of the population.Ghettos are often crowded, with bad living conditions. (相同種族或背景人的)聚居區;貧民區

      • a poor kid growing up in the ghetto 在貧民區長大的窮孩子
      • The south coast of Spain has become something of a tourist ghetto. 西班牙南海岸可以說已經成為旅遊者的聚居區。

Prejudice A against B

The prosecution lawyers have been trying to prejudice the jury against her. 控方律師一直力圖使陪審團對她形成偏見。


holy day(phrase) 聖日;宗教節日




exempt   /ɪɡˈzempt/ DJ   /ɪg’zɛmpt/ KK

  • adjective

1.      if somebody/something is exempt from something, they are not affected by it, do not have to do it, pay it, etc. 免除(責任、付款等);獲豁免 not before noun ~ (from sth)

      • The interest on the money is exempt from tax. 這筆錢的利息免稅。
      • Some students are exempt from certain exams. 有的學生可免除某些考試。
    • Derivative:


      • tax-exempt donations to charity 給慈善機構的免稅捐款
  • verb
    1. to give or get somebody’s official permission not to do something or not to pay something they would normally have to do or pay 免除;豁免 VN ~ sb/sth (from sth) formal
      • His bad eyesight exempted him from military service. 他因視力不好而免服兵役。
      • In 1983, charities were exempted from paying the tax. 1983 年慈善團體均免付稅款。



lackluster   [ˈlækˌlʌstə] DJ   [ˈlækˌlʌstɚ] KK adjective

1.      無光澤的 無生氣的


luster   [ˈlʌstə] DJ   [ˈlʌstɚ] KK

  • noun

1.      光澤;光輝;光彩 S

      • These pearls have a beautiful luster. 這些珍珠光澤很美。

2.      榮耀,榮光

      • His great books have added luster to the university where he teaches. 他的巨著給他任教的大學增了光。
  • transitive verb
    • Variant:

lustered;   lustered;   lustering

    1. 使有光澤;使有光彩;增光
      • Winning the Nobel prize has lustered the poet’s name. 獲得諾貝爾獎使這位詩人的名望更高了。



hymn   /hɪm/ DJ   /hɪm/ KK noun

1.      a song of praise, especially one praising God and sung by Christians 讚美詩,聖歌(尤指基督徒唱的頌揚上帝的歌)


hymn book


egg somebodyon

1.      to encourage somebody to do something, especially something that they should not do 鼓動;慫恿;煽動

    • He hit the other boy again and again as his friends egged him on. 他在朋友的煽動下一次又一次地打了另一個男孩。



1.      to work very hard 苦幹;辛勤地工作 V usually VN + adv./prep. ~ (away) (at sth)

    • I’ve been slaving away all day trying to get this work finished. 我整天苦幹,想把這項工作趕完。
    • I haven’t got time to spend hours slaving over a hot stove(= doing a lot of cooking). 我沒時間老圍着灶台轉。


coerce   /kəʊˈɜːs/ DJ   /koʊˈɜːrs/ DJ US   /ko’ɝs/ KK US

1.       to force somebody to do something by using threats 強迫;脅迫;迫使 verb~ sb (into sth/into doing sth) formal

    • They were coerced into negotiating a settlement. 他們被迫通過談判解決。 VN



  • commonplace   /ˈkɒmənpleɪs/ DJ   /ˈkɑːm-/ DJ US   /’kɑmənˈples/ KK US
    • adjective

1.       done very often, or existing in many places, and therefore not unusual 平凡的;普通的;普遍的

        • Computers are now commonplace in primary classrooms. 計算機如今在小學教室裏很普遍。
    • noun
      1. an event, etc. that happens very often and is not unusual 常見的事;平常的事 usually singular formal
      2. a remark, etc. that is not new or interesting 平淡無奇的言語等;老生常談 formal
        • The speech was full of commonplaces. 這篇講話全是老生常談。



dreary   /ˈdrɪəri/ DJ   /ˈdrɪri/ DJ US   /’drɪrɪ/ KK US

1.       that makes you feel sad; dull and not interesting 令人沮喪的;沉悶的;枯燥無味的 adjective

    • a dreary winter’s day 陰沉的冬日
    • a dreary film 枯燥無味的影片
    • a long and dreary journey on the train 火車上漫長而乏味的旅程




ethnic clothes/jewellery/cooking 具有民族特色的服裝/珠寶首飾/烹調

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