Enjoy one of the world’s healthiest foods
[Steve & Hazel]
The extraordinary eggplant is versatile.
[Chip & Wennie]
What’s delicious, healthy to eat and comes in a variety of colors? Eggplant! And no, it has nothing to do with chickens! This strangely named vegetable is, however, as versatile /ˈvɜːsətaɪl/ DJ /ˈvɜːrsətl/ US (variety of usage) as an egg. It can be steamed, fried or baked. It can be eaten by itself or combined with meats and other vegetables.
Eggplant was first grown in India during the 5th century B.C. Its popularity soon spread to China and then throughout Asia. Finally, during the Middle Ages the vegetable made its way to Europe. At that time, eggplant was not the shiny purple vegetable most people know today. Instead, it resembled /rɪ‘zɛmbḷ/ (looked like) a white egg. Due to this egg-like appearance, eggplant got its name. In its early days, the vegetable was so bitter that people often called it a 「mad apple.」 This nickname started because people believed its bitterness was bad for one’s health. People actually thought eggplants could cause insanity (serious mental illness) and cancer.
[Traditional Chinese Translation]
[Ashley & Ken]
K: This candy tastes really strange.
A: There is no eating in the library, Ken.
K: What? But you gave me the candy, Ashley.
A: I know. I’m just kidding. So it doesn’t taste very good?
K: No, it’s really bitter.
A: Hmm, maybe you got a bad piece.
K: Ashley, I know we use bitter to describe taste, but we also use it to describe a person, right?
A: Right. Bitter is used to describe someone who is deeply angry about something in the past. People can be bitter over many things like job loss, hurtful words and painful experiences.
K: Okay, so a person can be bitter. What about an experience? Can you go through a bitter experience?
A: Yes, you can know something from bitter experience. That means you went through a difficult experience and understand all the unpleasant parts of it.
K: Does it mean you are bitter over the experience?
A: It depends. It more often means that you may regret some of your actions. Let’s talk to Doris to find out more.
D: Bitter experiences are not easy to go through. But you can learn a lot from them. Let’s say you didn’t pay your taxes on time. You may get a penalty for your late payment. Because of that, you will know from bitter experience that it’s important to pay your taxes on time.
K: Oh, so it’s like learning something the hard way.
K: Well, thanks for your help, Ashley.
今天的這一課講到茄子，課文中說早期的時候，茄子非常的bitter，bitter當然是苦的意思。但是bitter用在人身上是指懷恨。通常是因為過去某一個不好的經驗導致心中難以釋懷。一個人如果feels bitter就是充滿憎恨或者敵意。bitter也可以指難受的、痛苦的，一個bitter experience就是一個痛苦、慘痛的經驗。我們往往是經過了一個bitter experience之後才會learn something the hard way就是經歷到挫折才學乖。
Eggplant! And no, it has nothing to do with chickens!
After the hike, the whole team is invited to my house for dinner, and no, I’m not cooking; we’re ordering pizza.
Ladies and gentlemen, I’m your host for today’s singing contest, and no, you will not be hearing me sing.
On this walking tour, you’ll get to see famous sites, browse through local craft shops, and yes, even sample some local snacks.
On my camping trip, I learned how to find food in the wild, build my own shelter, and yes, I even learned how to make fire without using a match or a lighter.
variety (n) 各式各樣,不同種類
resemble /rɪˈzembl/ DJ /rɪ‘zɛmbḷ/ KK
1. to look like or be similar to another person or thing 看起來像；顯得像；像 verb VN no passive
Sour /’saur/ KK
insanity /ɪnˈsænəti/ DJ /ɪn’sænətɪ/ KK
1. the state of being insane 精神失常；精神錯亂；精神病 uncountable
2.actions that are very stupid and possibly dangerous 十分愚蠢的行為；荒唐的行為
variety (n) 各種各樣
versatile (adj) 多用途的;多才多藝的
combine (v) 結合,混合
shiny (adj) 閃亮的
resemble (v) 類似
insanity (n) 精神錯亂
variety, versatile, combined, grown, shiny purple, resemble, insanity
make its way to
make its way to
In my sophomore year, I took part in three extracurricular activities.
The idea is spanking new. I think we’ll make a big amount of money with it.
spanking /ˈspæŋkɪŋ/ DJ /’spæŋkɪŋ/ KK
1. when you say that something is spanking new, etc. you are emphasizing that it is very new, etc. 非常；十足 informal
On top of
On top of its harmfulness for health, eggplants are believed to cause insanity and cancer.