1001_ The Extraordinary Eggplant (1)

Enjoy one of the world’s healthiest foods

[Steve & Hazel]

The extraordinary eggplant is versatile.

 

[Chip & Wennie]

What’s delicious, healthy to eat and comes in a variety of colors? Eggplant! And no, it has nothing to do with chickens! This strangely named vegetable is, however, as versatile  /ˈvɜːsətaɪl/ DJ   /ˈvɜːrsətl/  US (variety of usage) as an egg. It can be steamed, fried or baked. It can be eaten by itself or combined with meats and other vegetables.
Eggplant was first grown in India during the 5th century B.C. Its popularity soon spread to China and then throughout Asia. Finally, during the Middle Ages the vegetable
made its way to Europe. At that time, eggplant was not the shiny purple vegetable most people know today. Instead, it resembled  /rɪ‘zɛmbḷ/ (looked like) a white egg. Due to this egg-like appearance, eggplant got its name. In its early days, the vegetable was so bitter that people often called it a mad apple. This nickname started because people believed its bitterness was bad for one’s health. People actually thought eggplants could cause insanity (serious mental illness) and cancer.

 

[Traditional Chinese Translation]

[More Information]

 

[Ashley & Ken]

K: This candy tastes really strange.
A:
There is no eating in the library, Ken.
K: What? But you gave me the candy, Ashley.
A: I know. I’m just kidding. So it doesn’t taste very good?
K: No, it’s really bitter.
A: Hmm,
maybe you got a bad piece.
K: Ashley, I know we use bitter to describe taste, but we also use it to describe a person, right?
A: Right. Bitter is used to describe someone who is deeply angry about something in the past. People can be bitter over many things like job loss, hurtful words and painful experiences.
K: Okay, so a person can be bitter. What about an experience? Can you go through a bitter experience?
A: Yes, you can know something from bitter experience. That means you went through a difficult experience and understand all the unpleasant parts of it.
K: Does it mean you are bitter over the experience?
A: It depends. It more often means that you may regret some of your actions. Let’s talk to Doris to find out more.
K: Okay.

D: Bitter experiences are not easy to go through. But you can learn a lot from them. Let’s say you didn’t pay your taxes on time. You may get a penalty for your late payment. Because of that, you will know from bitter experience that it’s important to pay your taxes on time.

K: Oh, so it’s like learning something the hard way.
A: Exactly.
K: Well, thanks for your help, Ashley.

今天的這一課講到茄子,課文中說早期的時候,茄子非常的bitterbitter當然是苦的意思。但是bitter用在人身上是指懷恨。通常是因為過去某一個不好的經驗導致心中難以釋懷。一個人如果feels bitter就是充滿憎恨或者敵意。bitter也可以指難受的、痛苦的,一個bitter experience就是一個痛苦、慘痛的經驗。我們往往是經過了一個bitter experience之後才會learn something the hard way就是經歷到挫折才學乖。

 

[Liz]

Eggplant! And no, it has nothing to do with chickens!
and no    
After the hike, the whole team is invited to my house for dinner, and no, I’m not cooking; we’re ordering pizza.
Ladies and gentlemen, I’m your host for today’s singing contest, and no, you will not be hearing me sing.
and yes    
On this walking tour, you’ll get to see famous sites, browse through local craft shops, and yes, even sample some local snacks.
On my camping trip, I learned how to find food in the wild, build my own shelter, and yes, I even learned how to make fire without using a match or a lighter.

 

[Michelle]

 

variety (n) 各式各樣,不同種類
The school provides a wide variety of courses for students to choose from.
學校提供學生各式各樣的課程可以選擇。
You can find a good variety of produce here at this grocery store.
在這家雜貨店裡你可以找到很多種類的農產品。
combine (v)
結合,混合;加上某個事物       (with)
The company decided to combine thei
r sales department with their customer service department to save on expenses.
公司決定把業務部跟客服部合併起來以節省開銷。
Stress at work combines with his poor health condition forced Dick to take a break.
工作壓力加上身體不好逼得Dick只好休息一下。
insanity (n)
精神失常,神志不清;極端愚蠢的行為
The patient suffers from insanity and
it hospitalized now.
這位病患患有精神失常,現在在住院治療中。
It would be
insanity to trust this guy again.
如果再相信這個男的一次就真的是太愚蠢了。

 

resemble   /rɪˈzembl/ DJ   /rɪ‘zɛmbḷ/ KK

1.          to look like or be similar to another person or thing 看起來像;顯得像;像 verb VN no passive

    • She closely resembles her sister. 她和她姐姐很像。
    • So many hotels resemble each other. 許多酒店看上去都差不多。
    • The plant resembles grass in appearance. 這種植物的外形像草。

 

Sour  /’saur/ KK

 

insanity   /ɪnˈsænəti/ DJ   /ɪn’sænətɪ/ KK

  • noun

1.          the state of being insane 精神失常;精神錯亂;精神病 uncountable

      • He was found not guilty, by reason of insanity. 他以精神失常為理由獲判無罪。

2.actions that are very stupid and possibly dangerous 十分愚蠢的行為;荒唐的行為

 

 

 

 

[Vocabulary]

variety (n) 各種各樣
versatile (adj)
多用途的;多才多藝的
combine (v)
結合,混合
shiny (adj)
閃亮的
resemble (v)
類似
insanity (n)
精神錯亂

 

variety, versatile, combined, grown, shiny purple, resemble, insanity

make its way to

 

versatile

resemble

make its way to

 

 

 

sophomore

In my sophomore year, I took part in three extracurricular activities.

spanking new

The idea is spanking new. I think we’ll make a big amount of money with it.

spanking   /ˈspæŋkɪŋ/ DJ   /’spæŋkɪŋ/ KK

·         adverb

1. when you say that something is spanking new, etc. you are emphasizing that it is very new, etc. 非常;十足 informal

 

On top of

On top of its harmfulness for health, eggplants are believed to cause insanity and cancer.  

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