This week we celebrate the birthday of one of history’s well-known teachers
Despite difficulties, China’s greatest teacher left a lasting legacy
save, keep, etc. something for a rainy day
1. to save something, especially money, for a time when you will really need it 有備無患；未雨綢繆
[Chip & Vickey]
Throughout his 12-year-journey, Confucius encountered indifference (didn’t care), extreme hardship and danger, nearly being assassinated on one occasion. At 67, he returned to Lu, having been unsuccessful in his efforts to persuade even one rule to practice his moral doctrines /’dɑktrɪn/ (belief). Yet Confucius never faltered (change) in his belief that the most important task of any ruler was to work for the welfare and happiness of his people.
Confucius’s final years
He spent the next few years studying, writing and teaching his ever-expanding group of students. It’s been said that up to 3,000 men may have studied with Confucius although only 22 are actually mentioned in the Analects, which were written by his disciples.
Sadly, Confucius’ last years were unhappy, as his son died during this time and his favorite disciple died the year the philosopher returned to Lu. One morning in 479 B.C., the sage died in bed. His followers buried him with great ceremony, built huts /hʌt/ close to his grave, and spent the next three years there in mournful /’mɔrnfəl/ respect.
The news of his death spread quickly, and finally in death, Confucius received national respect and boundless (liminted) admiration – admiration that continues today for China’s greatest teacher.
[Traditional Chinese Translation]
Some famous quotes from Confucius include: 「Choose a job you love, and you will never have to work a day in your life.」 「Men’s natures are alike, it is their habits that carry them far apart.」 「What a superior man seeks is in himself; what the small man seeks is in others.」
[Ashley & Ken]
A: Hey, Ken. Did you see those two kids fighting over the library book?
K: Yes, I did. What was that all about?
A: I don’t know. They were just being kids. But it was quite a ceremony, wasn’t it?
K: Quite a ceremony? There wasn’t a ceremony. It was a fight.
A: Well, right. It’s not a real ceremony. But this is an informal way of saying something was dramatic.
K: Well, today’s Studio Classroom article says that Confucius’ followers buried him with great ceremony. How is that different from a ceremony?
A: To bury someone with great ceremony is uncountable, while a ceremony is a countable noun. With ceremony describe the complete picture of a ceremony. It involves the decorations, traditions and set up of the ceremony.
K: Okay, so could you celebrate something with ceremony?
A: Sure, you can celebrate holiday with ceremony. They celebrated their wedding anniversary with extravagant ceremony.
K: And if they have a ceremony, that means they have a formal celebration right?
A: Right. A ceremony is a formal service that is done a certain way. There may be rituals or practices, such as a wedding ceremony.
K: I see. Well, I’m glad I understand the differences now. Thanks for your help.
A: You’re welcome.
今天的課文提到孔夫子的學生buried him with great ceremony，注意ceremony這個字，當可數名詞，ceremony表示一個典禮或者儀式，尤其是宗教上或國家的正式而莊嚴的儀式，像a wedding ceremony（結婚典禮）、a funeral ceremony（葬禮）、a graduation ceremony（畢業典禮），但是課文中說they buried him with great ceremony，ceremony當不可數名詞表示禮節，所以他們是用很正式、隆重的方式來埋葬的。那相反的without ceremony表示不拘禮節的。
As a result, it didn’t take long for his principles to spread and for others to begin recognizing him for the wise sage that he was.
it didn’t take long it didn’t talk a long time (quickly, soon)
Frank finished his essay quickly
It didn’t take long for Frank to finish his essay.
Joyce soon grew tired of eating the same things every day.
It didn’t take long for Joyce to grow tired of eating the same thing every day.
assassinate (v) 暗殺,行刺
indifference /ɪnˈdɪfrəns/ DJ /ɪn’dɪfrəns/ KK
1. a lack of interest, feeling or reaction towards somebody/something 漠不關心；冷淡；不感興趣；無動於衷 noun uncountable singular ~ (to sb/sth)
- his total indifference to what people thought of him 他對別人怎麼看他絲毫不在乎的態度
hardship /ˈhɑːdʃɪp/ DJ /ˈhɑːrd-/ DJ US /’hɑrdʃɪp/ KK US
1. a situation that is difficult and unpleasant because you do not have enough money, food, clothes, etc. 艱難；困苦；拮据 noun uncountable countable
- economic/financial hardship 經濟╱財政困難
doctrine /ˈdɒktrɪn/ DJ /ˈdɑːk-/ DJ US /’dɑktrɪn/ KK US
1. a belief or set of beliefs held and taught by a Church, a political party, etc. 教義；主義；學說；信條 countable uncountable
- the doctrine of parliamentary sovereignty 議會主權學說
- Christian doctrine 基督教教義
falter /ˈfɔːltə(r)/ DJ /’fɔltɚ/ KK
1. to become weaker or less effective 衰弱；衰退；衰落 V
- The economy shows no signs of faltering. 經濟沒有衰退的跡象。
- Her courage never faltered. 她從未氣餒過。
mournful /ˈmɔːnfl/ DJ /ˈmɔːrnfl/ DJ US /’mɔrnfəl/ KK US
1. very sad 憂傷的；悲痛的 adjective written
- mournful eyes 憂傷的眼睛
- mournful music 傷感的音樂
- I couldn’t bear the mournful look on her face. 我受不了她臉上那憂傷的神情。
boundless /ˈbaʊndləs/ DJ /’baundləs/ KK
1. without limits; seeming to have no end 無限的；無止境的 adjective written
- boundless energy/enthusiasm 無窮的精力；無比的熱情
ritual /ˈrɪtʃuəl/ DJ /’rɪtʃuəl/ KK
1. a series of actions that are always carried out in the same way, especially as part of a religious ceremony 程序；儀規；禮節；（尤指）宗教儀式 countable uncountable
- religious/pagan rituals 宗教／異教禮儀
- She objects to the ritual of organized religion. 她反對規範的宗教儀規。
2. something that is done regularly and always in the same way 習慣；老規矩 countable uncountable
- Sunday lunch with the in-laws has become something of a ritual. 星期天，和姻親們共進午餐已經成了例行的公事。
principle (n) 法則,原理
sage (n) 聖賢,聖人
chaos (n) 混亂
corruption (n) 腐敗,墮落
dishearten (v) 使沮喪,使氣餒
ethical (adj) 道德的,倫理的
disciple (n) 門徒,弟子
indifference, hardship, assassinate, moral doctrines, doctorine, falter, Analects, huts, mournful, boundless, funeral ceremony, religious ritual
The failure to win the champion disheartened all of players.
She began to read assorted literatures since she was 8.
He won the champion and secured NT 1,000,000.