0922_ The Moon

How well do you know the star of the Mid-Autumn Festival?

How much do you know about the star of the Mid-Autumn Festival?

[Steve]

 

[Vicky & Chelsea]

Tonight, on Mid-Autumn Festival, people will be celebrating under the light of the moon, the Earth’s only natural satellite. Below are some fun facts about the moon you can share with your family as you celebrate.
~From Earth we only ever see the same half of the moon. The other half always faces out toward space. This is because the Earth and the moon move in perfect harmony with one another.
~Though actually much smaller, the moon appears to be about the same size as the sun when viewed from Earth. The moon also appears bigger when it sits close to the horizon. Nobody knows for sure what causes this optical illusion.
~The moon is slowly traveling away from Earth at the leisurely speed of four centimeters a year. At its current distance from Earth, the moon could be
reached by car in 130 days.
~Though people haven’t visited the moon since 1972, their footprints are still perfectly preserved. The moon doesn’t have an atmosphere, so no air or wind disturbs the clearly visible footprints.
~While there are many moons in our universe, the
star of this Mid-Autumn Festival, the moon, is officially called … the moon.

[Traditional Chinese Translation]

[More Information]

Some think that, during the full moon phase, the shadows on the moon’s surface create the appearance of a man’s face. This gave rise to popular folklore about The Man In The Moon. One European tradition says the man was sent to the moon because he committed a crime. East Asian folklore says the figure on the moon isn’t a man at all; it’s a rabbit!

 

[Ashley & Ken]

K: Hey, Ashley. According to the newspaper, tomorrow night there’s supposed to be a full moon.
A: Oh, good. I love it when there’s a full moon. It’s so beautiful.
K: I agree. But Ashley, what are these other terms? Last quarter, first quarter, new moon, half moon, I don’t understand.
A: Those are the different phases of the lunar cycle.
The moon changes in appearance as it revolves around the Earth. When the moon is positioned between the Earth and the sun, it is called a new moon.
K: So, what does the new moon look like?
A: You can not see a new moon because
the side that is lit is facing the sun. The side facing the Earth is dark.
K: Okay, now what about the first quarter? Does that mean you can only see a quarter of the moon?
A: No, but you would think that because one quarter is equal to 25%. However this does not represent how much of the moon you can see. It means it has moved one quarter of the way around the Earth.
K: So, how much of the moon can you see in the first and third quarter?
A: You can see half of the moon. So it looks like a half circle. That’s why it’s commonly called a half moon.
K: Okay. So what happens when the moon is half way around the Earth?
A: Then it’s a full moon, like tomorrow night. After it’s a full moon, it begins to get smaller in appearance. We call that waning. But as it’s moving from new moon to full moon, it is waxing or getting bigger.
K: So after tomorrow night, the moon will begin waning, or getting smaller?
A: Right, and eventually, it will be back to a new moon and then the cycle will repeat.
K: Well, that’s good information to know. Thanks, Ashley.
A: No problem.

今天是中秋節,我們可以來討論月亮。當地球位於月亮和太陽之間時,我們會看到一個完整的月亮,這就是full moon(滿月)。那在中秋節晚上看到的月亮就是叫full moon。當月球位於地球和太陽之間時,我們只能看到月球不被太陽照射的部分,這就是new moon(新月)。在這個時候,月球的黑暗面幾乎是完全朝向地球,因此new moon是看不到月亮的。而在兩者之間我們看到的月亮是只有一半的,這就是half moon(半月也叫做弦月)。另外月亮的盈虧我們會用waxing and waning,由滿月變為弦月叫做waning,就是月虧期,而月盈期叫做waxing。因此wax當動詞表示變大、增加,而wane是變小、減弱的意思。

 

[Liz]

Below are some fun facts about the moon…
below are
below     lower position
The dishes are on the top shelf, and the pots and pans are in the cabinet below.
below     later on in the text
There are some fun facts about the moon later in this article.
above     previous in the text
The list above is not a complete list of facts about the moon.
attached   there is a separate thing
Attached is a list of fun facts about the moon.
When you speaking:
the following
The following is a list of fun facts about the moon.
as follows
I want to give you a list of fun facts about the moon, and they are as follows…

 

[Michelle]

 

harmony (n) 和諧,一致,融洽;和聲
People in the little village live in harmony together and share everything with one another.
這個小村莊的居民和諧地生活在一起, 他們彼此分享所有的東西。
The choir sang in perfect harmony.
詩班唱出完美的合音。
leisurely (adj)
慢慢的,悠閒的
Kate took a long leisurely walk in the park.
Kate
在公園中悠閒地散步了很久。
Mother and I had a leisurely lunch at a nice restaurant.
媽媽和我去一家很不錯的餐廳吃了頓悠閒的午餐。
preserve (v)
保存,保護
The townspeople worked hard to preserve the historical site.
鎮民們努力的保存這個具有歷史性的景點。
The collector carefully preserved the antiques.
這位收藏者仔細地保存這些古董。

 

once in a blue moon

1.       very rarely 極少地;難得地;破天荒地 informal; 千載難逢

 

[Vocabulary]

satellite (n) 衛星
harmony (n)
和諧,融洽
horizon (n)
地平線
optical illusion
錯覺
leisurely (adj)
悠閒的,慢悠悠的
preserve (v)
保留

 

satellite, harmony, horison, full moon, half moon, new moon, first quarter, last quarter, the lunar cycle,  represent, wax and wane, optical illusion,  leisurely speed, perfectly preserved

 

 

Attached is a list = the following = as follows, change in appearance

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