0918_TV and You (2)

Is there anything wrong with turning on the TV?
TV may have benefits, but are they worth the costs?

[Steve]

.

[Chip & Chelsea]

Conversation B

J: Watching TV after work is a good way to relax. I can just turn off my brain and not have to concentrate.

S: But in my opinion, that’s the problem with TV. Some studies have shown that TV inhibits (slow down) the thinking part of the brain. That’s probably why watching too much makes people feel tired and depressed.

J: I don’t get depressed when I watch TV. There are lots of entertaining and educational shows. You can find everything from news to good kid’s shows.

S: Well…there are some good shows for kids. But it’s best to really limit their TV viewing time. I’ve heard that most American children see over 200,000 violent acts on TV by the time they’re 18! It often causes them to become fearful or aggressive.

J: Really! That’s serious. When we have children, I want them to spend lots of time outside playing games and getting exercise.

S: That’s another good reason to avoid watching too much TV: it leads to obesity!

J: Well, I definitely don’t want to get fat. So why don’t we watch the news for 30 minutes and then turn it off and go for a walk.

S: That sounds like a good compromise to me!


[Traditional Chinese Translation]

[More Information]

On the list of History’s Technical Developments That Have Influenced Our Lives, television is surely among the top ten. In the United States alone, more than 98% of households own at least one television set. One survey shows the average American household watches seven hours of television per day, which explains why educational, sports, and news groups, as well as advertisers, value television so much.

[Ashley & Ken]

K: Hey, Ashley. You know, I keep getting these flyers in the mail advertising satellite TV. Right now I get cable TV. So, what’s the difference?
A: There are many differences. For instance, satellite TV is broadcast via satellite. A TV company may install a satellite dish on your roof or somewhere close to your house. Then the dish will receive special signals from other satellite that allow you to watch TV.
K: Okay, so what’s so special about satellite TV?
A: There are more choices. Satellite TV usually provides up to 350 channels, while the average amount for cable is 180 channels. Satellite TV also tends to be a little cheaper than cable and offers more high definition TV. That means the picture is clearer.
K: You know, speaking of satellite TV, are there other kinds of satellites?
A: Yes, weather satellites, spy satellites, satellites are placed into space and revolve around the earth for communication. Sometimes we can receive pictures from these satellites.
K: Hey, Ashley.
I’ve even heard the moon being referred to as a satellite before.
A: That’s true. Moons are objects that revolve around a planet and sometimes we refer to them in that way.
K: Well, I’m going to think about switching to satellite TV. I think it’s worth it and maybe I could even watch Studio Classroom.
A: Oh, I’m sure you could.

在今天的對話中Josh說在電視上有各式各樣的節目,其實要看你是安裝什麼樣的電視,cable TV是有線電視,有線電視可以有180個頻道,但是,如果你要看得到更多的節目,你就得裝satellite TV(衛星電視),衛星電視需要一個satellite dish(衛星接收器,也就是俗稱的小耳朵)。satellite有很多種,像weather satellite(氣象衛星),spy satellite(間諜衛星),其實月球就是地球的衛星。

[Liz]

We can discard the TV as far as I’m concerned.
as far as I’m concerned       in my opinion
In my opinion, we can discard the TV.
As far as she is concerned, her employee happiness is a priority.
As far as he’s concerned, we can all do more to help protect the environment.
As far as they’re concerned, I should always be practicing my English.

[Michelle]

 

inhibit (v) 抑制,阻礙         (from)
Lack of sunshine and fresh air inhibits the growth of plants.
缺乏陽光及新鮮空氣會抑制植物的生長。
High sales tax inhibits the domestic market from growing.
高額的貨物稅阻礙了國內市場的成長。
obesity (n)
肥胖,過胖
A diet that’s high in fat and sugar leads to obesity.
高脂肪、高糖的飲食導致過胖。
Many young people now suffer from obesity due to the lack of exercise.
現在許多年輕人因為缺乏運動而受肥胖所苦。
compromise (n)
折衷方案,妥協
Both companies reached a compromise in order to solve the conflict.
兩方公司為瞭解決衝突而達成了協議。
Neither one of the couple is willing to make a compromise.
這對夫妻倆個人都不願意妥協。

 

household   /ˈhaʊshəʊld/ DJ   /-hoʊld/ DJ US   /’hausˈhold/ KK US

all the people living together in a house 一家人;家庭;同住一所房子的人 noun

Most households now own at least one car. 大多數家庭現在至少有一輛汽車。

low-income/one-parent households 低收入╱單親家庭

the head of the household 戶主

the royal household 王室

 

numb   /nʌm/ DJ   /nʌm/ KK

adjective

if a part of your body is numb, you cannot feel anything in it, for example because of cold 麻木的;失去知覺的

to be/go numb 麻木;失去知覺

numb with cold 凍僵

I’ve just been to the dentist and my face is still numb. 我剛剛去看了牙醫,臉上現在還沒知覺呢。

unable to feel, think or react in the normal way 麻木的;遲鈍的;呆滯的

He felt numb with shock. 他驚呆了。

 

numb adjective 

/nʌm/

If a part of your body is numb, you are unable to feel it, usually for a short time

I had been lying awkwardly and my leg had gone numb.

My fingers were numb with cold.

not able to feel any emotions or to think clearly, because you are so shocked or frightened, etc

When she first heard the news, she was numb with disbelief.

Ever since his girlfriend left him he has felt numb.

 

numb verb 

/nʌm/ [T]

to make something or someone feel numb

The extreme cold numbed her face and hands.

The children are still numbed by their father’s death.

numbly adverb 

/ˈnʌm.li/

 

associate verb 

/əˈsəʊ.si.eɪt/ /-ˈsoʊ-/ [T]

to connect someone or something in your mind with someone or something else

Most people associate this brand with good quality.

I don’t want my children associating with drug-addicts and alcoholics.

He is closely associated in the public mind with horror movies.

 

 

[Vocabulary]

inhibit (v) 抑制,約束
depressed (adj)
沮喪的
entertaining (adj)
娛樂的
aggressive (adj)
好鬥的
obesity (n)
肥胖
compromise (n)
折衷方案

 

 

inhibit, feel depressed, entertaining show, satellite dish, flyer, for instance, high definition TV, revolve around the earth, violent, fearful, obesity, obese, over-weighted, lack of, fresh air, growth, plant, domestic market, the lack of, reach(make) a compromise, conflict, consequences, be numb to, bump, shooting, action, associate(sth) with sth

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