What makes a good leader?
Learn what it takes to be a great leader
[Steve & Hazel]
[Chip & Vicky]
What makes someone a good leader? (What quality makes a leader good?) Is it popularity, power or wealth (money and possession)? Is a great leader someone who can find and make use of good opportunities? Do good leaders demand obedience [əˈbidjəns] ?
All too (extremely, very) often people become leaders because they want power and money. But leadership adviser Robert Greenleaf didn’t think good leadership was about those things. Rather, he thought great leaders should also be great servants. Greenleaf believed that “serving each other is the rock (foundation) upon which a good society is built.” He thought we needed better leaders – servant leaders – if we wanted to build a better society.
Greenleaf’s “servant leader” was inspired by Hermann Hesse’s story Journey to the East. In the story, a group of people go on a journey. Throughout the trip, their servant, Leo, helps them. Then Leo disappears. Without him, the group falls apart, and the journey is abandoned (give up). Only later does it become clear that Leo, the servant, was actually the leader all along.
[Traditional Chinese Translation]
When people say the diamond is the hardest substance known, they are referring to its resistance to being scratched, not its resistance to other forces, such as the strike of a hammer. Diamond hardness depends on its purity and the way its crystals are arranged. Other minerals can scratch softer diamonds but only diamonds can scratch the hardest of diamond.
[Ashley & Ken]
K: Excuse me, Ashley. Can you help me with something?
A: At your service, Ken.
K: At my service? Ashley, you are going to serve me?
A: Yes, of course. I’m here at your service. I’m here to help you with whatever you need.
K: Okay. Well, I’m looking for some more information about today’s Studio Classroom article.
A: I know someone who may serve up some good information for us today.
K: Uh, serve up? Who is going to serve up information?
A: Studio Classroom’s Editor Linda. Let’s hear what she has to say.
L: Hello, friends. I’m at your service today with some great phrases you may use in your conversations. First, let’s look at 「serve up」. To serve up means to deliver something. You may serve up some food or serve up some entertainment. Someone might serve up her ideas for a project at work. Speaking of work, you may have to serve out a contract. To serve out means you stay until your contract is finished.
K: Wow, those are some great phrases to know. What else can I serve out besides a work contract?
A: You can serve out your time or term. Anything you agree to do for a specific period of time may be served out. In the U.S., the president serves out a term of four years.
K: Well, Ashley. Thank you for your service at the library. I appreciate it.
A: You’re welcome. It’s my pleasure.
今天的課文提到優秀的領導人應該也是個優秀的servant（僕人），servant的工作就是serve（服務），所以一個為人服務的人可以很有禮貌的說I am at your service（我聽候你的吩咐、我隨時為你提供服務）。如果你在服務業工作，這是很實用的一句話。你也可以用serve，比如說Can I serve you in any way？（我能夠為你效勞嗎？）若是你看到個客人一個人站在那邊，你可以禮貌的問他Are you being served？（有人在招呼你嗎？）短語serve up狹義的講表示把餐飲端上餐桌，廣義的講可以表示提供某種服務。另外serve out表示服完任期或者刑期。
All too often people become leaders because they want power and money.
[Tips] all ~ usually use it to mean “whole” or “complete”. Here we use it to follow by “too often” – “all too often.” In this case “all” means “extremely,” “all too often” means “very often” or “extremely common.”
－＞It’s extremely common for people to become leaders because they want power and money.
*It’s all too strange to see him sneaking into the manager’s office.
*This sloppy job is all too typical of the king of work he does!
obedience (n) 順服,服從,遵守 (to)
Total obedience is demanded by the military.
Teachers expect obedience to the school rules.
adviser (n) 顧問,給與建議的人
Hiring a financial adviser was expensive, but he’s worth the price.
John King, is one of the President’s closest advisers.
actually (adv) 實際上,事實上
Even though Sarah is a successful businesswoman, she actually loves singing and painting.
Gina and I have talked on the phone several times, but have never actually met.
Wealth (n.)[U] 1. a large amount of money, property etc that a person or country owns 財產(的占有)，財富。2. large amount or number of sth；abundance of sth (某物的)大量，眾多，豐富。
Wealthy (adj.) (= rich)有財產的，有財富的，富有的。The wealthy (n.) 有錢人。
*Nobody knew how she had acquired her wealth. 誰也不知道她的財產是怎麼來。
*a book with a wealth of illustrations 有大量插圖的書。
Obey (v.) do what one is told or obliged to do by (sb)；carry out (a command) 服從，順從，執行(命令)。＜－＞disobey (v.) 不服從。
Obedience [əˈbiːdiəns] (n.) [U] 順服，服從，遵守。
*obey orders 服從命令，obey the law 遵守法律。
*Total obedience is demanded by the military.
*Teachers expect obedience to the school rules.
Adviser (n.) 顧問，給予建議的人。
*Hiring a financial adviser was expensive, but he’s worth the price.
*John King is one of the President’s closest advisers.
*serve as special adviser to the President 做總統的特別顧問。
Actually (adv.) 實際上，事實上。
*Even though Sarah is a successful businesswoman, she actually loves singing and painting.
*Gina and I have talked on the phone several times, but have never actually met.
all along= all the time; from the beginning 一直；始終
wealth, possession, make use of, obedience to, adviser, big shift, serve up ideas, serve out a contract, term, servant, journey, Germany, fall apart, abandon, actually, school rules, profound