0827_Speak Through Words and Pictures (2)

You can deliver a presentation that people will remember

Create presentations that make people take notice

[Steve]

  If you want to be informative, entertaining and you want to give a speech with confidence.

… won’t guarantee memorable/effective presentation.

Be humorous.

[Chip & Branden]

Deliver an experience
Sliders with pictures, illustrations /
ˌɪləˈstreɪʃn/ and some words can powerfully communicate your story. But be careful the slides don’t harm your presentation. Scientists who study how people learn say people receive information in two ways: words and pictures. As you speak, the audience listens to your words and looks at your pictures (slides). But, if your slides have too much text (words), people will read the text and stop listening.
Keep the slides simple. Scientists also say people can only process
a limited amount of information at one time. Use only words or pictures that relate to your speech. Don’t bother with fancy clip art or several colors on your slides. These might distract the audience.
Practice, practice, practice
Research
indicates that body language communicates 60 to 70 percent of one’s meaning. Practice while paying attention to your gestures, eye contact, voice tone and the way you stand. These things are essential to your presentation’s success.
Now you know. So next time, give a presentation that will be one to remember.

[Traditional Chinese Translation]

成功演講秘訣
你也可以發表一場令人記憶深刻的演說

      傳達某種經驗
有相片、圖表和一些文字的幻燈片可以強有力地傳達你的故事。但小心別讓幻燈片破壞你的演講。研究人類學習行為的科學家表示,人們接受訊息的方式有兩種:亦即言詞與圖片。你演講的時候,觀眾會聆聽你說的話,並觀看你展示的圖片。然而如果幻燈片有太多內容,人們就會只讀內容而不聽講了。
幻燈片只要簡單就好。科學家還指出,人們一次只能處理有限的訊息。所以只使用和演講有關的文字或圖片就好,不要忙著為幻燈片加上花俏的美工圖案或五顏六色,這些反而可能讓觀眾分心。

練習、練習、再練習
   
研究顯示,肢體語言可以傳達六到七成說話者的意思。練習時要注意自己的手勢、目光接觸、音調及站立的方式,因為這些都是演講能否成功的要素。
   
現在你明白了。那麼下次就發表一場令人難忘的演講吧。
[More Information]

[Ashley & Ken]

K: In conclusion, there are many beautiful places to visit in Asia. I hope that you will get the chance to travel there yourself. Oh, no. I forgot to mention another place. Ashley, I need to start over (to begin again 重新開始)again.
A: Okay, Ken. Before you start your speech over again, I need to tell you something.
K: Oh, no. you didn’t like my speech. Was it too long?
A: Hmm…yes and no. Okay, I like your speech but I’m
having information overload.
K: Information overload? What’s that?
A: It means you are giving me too much information. I can’t remember all of your points because there are too many.
K: Okay. Maybe I should make a PowerPoint presentation to go along with this speech.
A: No. that’s not the problem. Okay, your topic is
Places to go in Asia so pick three to four places to go rather than talking about every single place to go in Asia.
K: Oh, okay. My speech includes 20 different places to visit.
A: Yea, that’s information overload. No one will remember every place. Let me give you a concrete example. The library book shelf here, take a look. It will only hold a few number of books. If I overloaded with books it will be too full.
K: I see. So
we can overload people with information. Can a place be overloaded?
A: Yes, if you take the elevator and
it is overloaded with people, it will not go anywhere. Someone has to step out to lighten the load.
K: Okay, well I’m going to cut out some of the points in my speech then.
A: Yes, you want it to be loaded with good information but you want to
avoid information overload.
K: Well, thanks for helping me.

K教授:最後,有很多美麗的地方訪問亞洲。我希望你能得到機會去那裡自己。哦,不。我忘了提另一個地方。阿什利,我要從頭開始。 
答:好的,肯。在您重新啟動您的發言,我要告訴你一些事情。 
K
教授:哦,不。你不喜歡我的發言。是不是太長? 
答:嗯是的,沒有。好吧,我喜歡你的發言,但我有信息超載。 
K
教授:信息超載?那是什麼? 
答:這意味著你給我太多的信息。我不記得你所有的點,因為有太多。 
K
教授:好的。也許我應該做一個 PowerPoint演示文稿,以順應這一講話。 
答:這不是問題。好了,你的主題是亞洲的場所去,以便挑選三至四個地方去,而不是談論的每一個地方去亞洲。 
K
教授:哦,沒關係。我的發言包括20個不同的地方參觀。 
答:是的,這是信息超載。沒有人會記得每一個地方。讓我給你一個具體的例子。圖書館的書架這裡,看一看。它只會持有數數的書。如果我超載的書籍將太滿。 
K
:我明白了。因此,我們可以重載人的信息。一個地方可以被重載? 
答:是的,如果你乘坐電梯,這是超負荷的人,不會去任何地方。有人站出來,以減輕負荷。 
K
教授:好,好,我要切出一些要點,然後在我的發言。 
答:是的,你想讓它裝載有良好的信息,但要避免信息超載。 
K
教授:好,感謝幫助我。


今天這一課教我們該如何簡報。很重要的一點就是他提到people can only process a limited amount of information at one time(人們一次只能夠消化有限的資訊)。若是你提供過多的資訊,你就會讓你的聽眾感受到information overloadload是重量、負荷,overload就是超重,information overload就是所謂的資訊超載。也就是說我們做簡報的時候要避免提供過多的資訊,而是要給真正有用的資訊。

[Liz]

[課文] How can you get your audience to relate to it?
[Tips] 
related ~ connected by family
*Tony is related to Andy; they are cousins.
To relate to something ~ having some kind of a personal connection to something because there is meaning
(Case 1) This movie is making for young people. And the young enjoy it but the old don’t.
*He didn’t like the movie because he couldn’t relate to it.
(Case 2) Tiffany and Melanie are best friends because they have many the same interests.
*Tiffany and Melanie
relate to a lot of the same things.

[Michelle]

 

Process (v.) 處理。(n.) 過程。
*It takes a week to process the application.
申請的處理需要花一周的時間。
*Our computer system cannot process such
a large amount of data.
我們的電腦系統沒有辦法處理這麼大量的資料。
Distract (v.) dis字首有使離開的意思,tract字根有拉或拖的意思。使分心,始分散注意力。
*Josh needs to work in complete silence because he is easily distracted.
Josh
需要在完全安靜的環境中工作因為他很容易分心。
*The kids were distracted by the noise coming from the construction site.
孩子們被工地傳來的噪音影響而分心。
Gesture /’dʒɛstʃɚ/ (n.) 1. 手勢,姿勢。2. 一種表示。(v.) 作表意的動作。
*Jim raised his hands in a despairing gesture. Jim
舉起雙手做出絕望的手勢。
*The speaker loves to use dramatic gestures to attract attention.
這個講員喜歡用戲劇性的手勢來吸引注意力。
*He gave his girlfriend
a bouquet /bu’ke/ of roses as a gesture of apology.
他送女朋友一束玫瑰以表達歉意。
*He gestured (to me) that it was time to go.
他向我示意該走了。
Deliver (v.) 1. 遞送,交付。2. () rescue sb (from sth); save sb; free sb 解救。3. (formal)(只用於被動)(孩子),接生,發表(演講)4. (informal) 不負眾望,履行承諾,達到(某一性能或水平等)
Deliver up (phr. v.) 放棄(交出)
*Did you deliver my message to my father?
你把我的信息傳給我父親了嗎?
*We deliver your order to your door!
我們送貨上門。
*She was delivered of a healthy boy.
她生了一個健康的男孩。
*She delivered a talk on philosophy to the society.
她給學會做了一次有關哲學的講話。
*May God deliver us from evil.
願上帝拯救我們脫離罪惡。
*They promise to finish the job in June, but can they deliver (on that)?
他們答應六月份完成這項工作,但他們能說到做到嗎?
*If you can’t deliver improved sales figures, you’re fired!
你要是不能提高銷售額,就把你解雇!
*A bankrupt must deliver up all his goods.
破產迫使他交出所有的貨物。
Clip art (n.) 剪貼圖案,美工圖案。

 

Concrete /’kɑŋkrit/

based on facts, not on ideas or guesses 確實的,具體的(而非想像或猜測的)

  • concrete evidence/proposals/proof 確鑿的證據;具體的建議;確實的證明
  • ‘It’s only a suspicion,’ she said, ‘nothing concrete.’ “那只是懷疑,她說,沒有任何確實的依據。
  • It is easier to think in concrete terms rather than in the abstract. 結合具體的事物來思考要比抽象思考容易些。
  • See also: 

abstract

clip

to cut something out of something else using scissors 剪下;剪掉 VN ~ sth (out of/from sth)

  • to clip a coupon (out of the paper) (從報紙上)剪下贈券

 

[Vocabulary]

slide (n) 幻燈片 My presentation is 15 minutes long and has 21 slides.
memorable (adj)
值得紀念的;難忘的 The most memorable trip Patrick ever took was to Hawaii.
audience (n)
觀眾;聽眾 There were 850 people in the audience at the concert.
communicate (v)
傳達;溝通 When do you think is a good time to communicate our ideas to the boss? 

guarantee, start over, overload, clip art, fancy,  indicate, gesture, eye contact, voice tone, distract, bouquet

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