0826_Speak Through Words and Pictures (1)

You can deliver a presentation that people will remember

Create presentations that make people take notice

[Steve]

 

[Chip & Branden]

Imagine you’re at a presentation/ˌpreznˈteɪʃn/    /ˌpriːzen-/ . What do you picture? Certainly there is a speaker, projector and slides. The slides were most likely made using PowerPoint. What about the content: Does it hold your attention?
Whether you’re studying or working, you’ve probably seen many presentations. Think about the memorable ones. What made them effective? The answer probably begins with the presentation’s story.
Tell a story
Apple CEO Steve Jobs gives amazing presentation
s. One of Jobs’ secrets is that he makes people feel like they are part of a story. He believes Apple products will change the world. His passion makes people love a product, not just want to buy it.
When you prepare a presentation, don’t start with the slides. Start with the story. Think about your topic: Why is it significant? How can you
get your audience to relate to it? What ideas or pictures will help your audience understand it? Communicate (pass on) these thoughts, and your presentation will interest people.

[Traditional Chinese Translation]

成功演講秘訣
你也可以發表一場令人記憶深刻的演說

   
  想像你置身一場發表會中,這時你看到什麼樣的景象呢?當然會有一位演講者,一部投影機,還有幻燈片,而幻燈片很可能是用PowerPoint製作的。那麼內容呢?吸不吸引你?
     
不論你是在唸書或就業,可能都見識過許多發表會。不妨回想一下那些令人難忘的演講,它們為什麼會令人難忘呢?答案可能要從演講的故事說起。

說故事
     
蘋果公司執行長史帝夫賈伯斯是位演說高手。他的秘訣之一是讓人們覺得自己也是故事的一份子。賈伯斯相信蘋果產品會改變世界,而他的熱情讓人們愛上產品,而不只是想買產品而已。
     
你準備演講內容時,別從幻燈片開始著手,而該先從故事下手。先思索一下你的題目:它具有什麼樣的意義?要如何讓觀眾和這個主題起共鳴?有什麼點子或圖片可以幫助觀眾瞭解它?成功傳達這些想法後,你的演講就會令人產生興趣。
[More Information]

[Ashley & Ken]

K: Hey, Ashley, I have a question for you.
A: Okay. What is it, Ken?
K: Which color is more effective, the red background or the blue one?
A: Hmm, I like the blue one better. The red is nice but it’s too
bold (Having a strong or vivid appearance).
K: Okay. Now speaking of effective, I noticed that there are two different spellings. There is effective and affective. One begins with an
a while the other one begins with an e. Why is that?
A: That’s a great question, Ken. You know many native English speakers often confuse the two words. Let’s talk to Doris to find out more.
K: Okay.

D: The difference between affect and effect has to do with the part of speech. Affect, spelled with an a, is a verb that means to influence. Effect, spell with an e, is a noun that describes the results. So when you’re deciding between the two, thinking about the part of speech you’re using.

A: Remember that they’re pronounced a little differently. Affect and effect. Affect is the verb, so I can say that coffee affects my sleep. It causes me to stay awake all night. And one of the effects of coffee is difficulty sleeping. Effect is a noun here.
K: Okay, is there anything else I should remember?
A: Yes. Affected is also an adjective that means artificial or insincere. If you have an affected personality, then you are pretending. You are hiding your real self.
K: Oh, that’s good to remember. Now what did you say would be a more effective background for my presentations?
A: I like the blue background.
K: Me too. Thanks for your help.
A: Let me know how it goes.
K: Okay.

K教授:嗨,阿什利,我有一個問題給你的。 
答:好。它是什麼,肯? 
K
教授:什麼顏色是更有效的,紅色的背景或藍色的? 
答:嗯,我喜歡那件藍色的更好。紅色的是好的,但它太大膽。 
K
教授:好的。現在講效益,我注意到,有兩個不同的拼法。有有效的和情感。一開始有一個,而另一人開始用電子這是為什麼? 
答:這是一個很大的問題,肯恩。你知道很多英語母語者往往混淆這兩個詞。讓我們為主角,多麗絲交談,以了解更多。 
K
教授:好的。 

D:這個差異影響和效果,跟講話的一部分。影響,說明有一個“1”,是一個動詞,這意味著影響。效應,拼寫與電子,是一個名詞,描述的結果。因此,當你決定兩者之間的,想著你講話的一部分使用。 

答:請記住,他們明顯有所不同。影響和作用。影響是動詞,所以我可以說,咖啡影響我的睡眠。它使我保持清醒了一夜。和一名影響咖啡失眠。這裡是一個名詞的影響。 
K
教授:好了,還有什麼我應該記得嗎? 
答:是的。受影響也是一個形容詞,是指人為或缺乏誠意。如果你有一個受影響的性格,那麼你就假裝。你是隱藏你的真實自我。 
K教授:噢,那是很好的記憶。現在你說了些什麼會是一個更有效的為我的背景介紹? 
答:我喜歡藍色背景。 
K
教授:我也是。感謝您的幫助。 
A:讓我知道如何去。 
K
教授:好的。


今天這一課提到一個presentationeffectiveeffective來自於名詞effecteffectaffect要分清楚。effecte-f-f-e-c-t一般是當作名詞用,表示效果、結果。effect前面往往會有一個冠詞an effect或者the effecteffect前面也有可能會看到形容詞,比如說special effect(特效)。Affecta-f-f-e-c-t是一個動詞,表示影響或者對某樣東西發生作用。比如說smoking affects health(抽菸是會影響健康)。另外若是在affect後面加上edaffected是個形容詞,表示矯揉造作、裝模作樣、不自然的意思。我們做人不要有一個affected personality,應該要真誠地對待人。

[Liz]

[課文] How can you get your audience to relate to it?
[Tips] 
related ~ connected by family
*Tony is related to Andy; they are cousins.
To relate to something ~ having some kind of a personal connection to something because there is meaning
(Case 1) This movie is making for young people. And the young enjoy it but the old don’t.
*He didn’t like the movie because he couldn’t relate to it.
(Case 2) Tiffany and Melanie are best friends because they have many the same interests.
*Tiffany and Melanie
relate to a lot of the same things.

[Michelle]

 

Memorable /ˈmem.ər.ə.bl ̩/ (adj.) mem這字根有記憶的意思。難忘的。
*My wedding day is one of the most memorable days of my life.
婚禮當天是我一聲最難忘的日子之一。
*The famous pitcher pitched a memorable game before he
announced his retirement.
這位知名的投手在宣布退休前投完了一場令人難忘的球賽。
Audience (plural n.) aud字根有聽的意思。聽眾,觀眾。
*The talk show
hostess always has a large audience.
這位脫口秀的主持人一直都擁有很多的觀眾。
*The audience watched the circus in amazement.
觀眾驚嘆著觀賞馬戲團的表演。
*The presenter interviewed one of the audience members about the new policy.
這個主持人訪問一位觀眾有關新政策的問題。
Communicate (v.) 1. 傳達,傳遞。2. 溝通,交流。
*She tried to communicate her ideas but no one seemed to listen to her.
她試著傳達她的想法但是似乎沒有人注意聽。
*Because of the Internet, communicating with people around the world is so easy.
因為有了網際網路,和世界各地的人溝通是很容易的。

 

[Vocabulary]

powerfully (adv) 強有力地;強烈地 The movie powerfully reminded us how terrible war is.
text (n)
文字;正文 Can you please read the text on the first page?
process (v)
處理(引申為理解) I’m still processing what you said. Give me a moment to respond.
gesture (n)
手勢;姿勢 Harold uses a lot of gestures when he speaks. I watch his hands more than him!

bold, passion, memorable, audience, hostess, communicate

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