Discover Taiwan’s culture and history in the island’s oldest city
It’s worth a visit.
[Chip & Winnie]
Wetlands of wonder
Twenty minutes from the city center is Taijiang (台江) National Park. This park includes river estuaries (river meets ocean), mangrove forests and swamps that are home to 200 species of birds including egrets and herons. Look for the endangered black-faced spoonbill, the park’s rarest visitor. With beaks in the delightful shape of a spoon, this bird scoops up some food, tosses it in the air and catches it in its mouth.
After you return to the city, stroll (walk slowly) through the many forts that once stood guard (protect) over Old Tainan. Anping Old Fort was once the Dutch military and commercial base in Taiwan. The cannons remind one of its former military prowess. Even more interesting are the fortress /’fɔrtrəs/ walls (A heavily protected and impenetrable building)– constructed from crushed oyster shells mixed with sugar water and sticky rice.
The best-preserved fort is Chihkan Tower (赤崁樓). Surrounded by a courtyard that resembles /rɪˈzembl/ an outdoor museum, the building features nine stone turtles carrying steles[ˈstilɪ] on their backs with poems by Emperor Qianlong (乾隆帝) of the Qing Dynasty.
Complete your tour by catching the sunset over the Luerhmen (鹿耳門溪) River. Time slows down when you gaze upon fishermen returning to port, bamboo rafts /ræft/ and floating oyster racks /ræk/. Take this picture-perfect (look absolutely perfect) scene with you, and you’ll always remember the warmth you felt in the heart of Taiwan.
[Traditional Chinese Translation]
Tainan natives take great pride in their traditional foods. From seafood to desserts, it would take a long time to sample every delicacy! If you ever visit Tainan, be sure to try the shrimp rolls; right after you dip a crispy [ ‘krispi ] shrimp roll into a little wasabi, you’ll immediately be asking for seconds! The rolls are filled with a fresh shrimp paste, then breaded and fried.
[Ashley & Ken]
K: Hey, Ashley, have you ever seen a Black-faced Spoonbill?
A: No, I haven’t. What does it look like?
K: Well, this article described it as having a beak shaped like a spoon. So why didn’t they just call it a spoon-beak?
A: Well, a bill is another word for a bird beak. More specifically, it’s the hard curved edge of a bird beak. Speaking of bills, do you have a baseball cap?
K: Yes, I do. Why?
A: The front part of the hat is called the bill because it resembles a bird beak.
K: Oh, can you also refer to the bird beak as its nose?
A: Some people might say that, but it’s not really a nose. It’s the bird’s mouth.
K: Okay. Now I understand. Ashley, someone once told me they had a clean bill of health. What does that mean?
A: It means that the doctor examined them and found nothing wrong with them. They were healthy.
K: Oh, that reminds me. I need to make a doctor’s appointment.
A: I hope they give you a clean bill of health. This phrase also refers to everyday procedures like cleaning your room. If a mother inspects her son’s room after he cleans it, she might give him a clean bill of health.
K: That is if he cleaned it properly.
A: Right. And speaking of cleaning, my desk is a mess. I need to go clean it.
K: Okay. See you later.
今天這一課提到The Black-faced Spoonbill（黑面琵鷺），我們看到spoon（湯匙）跟bill，bill在這裡是指鳥類的嘴，尤其是那個細長而扁平的喙。像一個baseball cap（鴨舌帽），它前面的那個帽舌就叫做bill。beak，b-e-a-k也可以指鳥的喙。bill也可以用在短語a clean bill of health，bill of health是健康證明書，如果你有一個clean bill of health，就是經過健康檢查之後證明了你的身體很健康。
[課文] Twenty minutes from the city center is Taijiang National Park.
＝Taijiang National Park is twenty minutes away from the city center.
[Tips] measurement + is + subject ~ to let people focus on how much quantity of measurement is
*My friend’s hometown is three hours up the river.
－＞Three hours up the river is my friend’s hometown.
*There’s another gas station five miles down the road.
－＞Five miles down the road is another gas station.
Endanger (vt.) 危及，危害。
Endangered (adj.) en字首表示使如何。瀕臨絕種的。
*Smoking endangers your health. 吸煙危害健康。
*He took over the post in the knowledge that it might endanger his life.
*You can see many endangered species at the zoo.
*Endangered pandas are carefully cared for and observed by experts.
Prowess [ˈprauɪs] (n.) [U] [formal] outstanding skill or ability; expertise 傑出的才能、本領，英勇。
*The monument /’mɑnjəmənt/ is a symbol of the prowess of past war heroes.
*He always boasts about his prowess(great skill and ability) in his profession.
Catch (v.) 趕上車，趕上某種交通工具。
*We raced to the platform and caught the train just in time.
*Nina didn’t catch the last bus, so she took a taxi home.
Estuary [ˈestʃueri] (n.) 河口，江口，海灣。
*The river opens out suddenly into a broad estuary.
*The stream debouches into the estuary. 這條河流流入河口。
Mangrove [ˈmæŋgrouv] (n.)[C] 紅樹，紅樹林。
Swamp [swɑːmp] (n.) 沼澤，沼澤區。(v.) 1. (常用被動) overwhelm sb/sth with a great quantity of things (以繁多的事物)壓倒某人/某事物，2. flood or soak (sth) with water 淹沒或浸泡(某物)。
Swampy (adj.) 沼澤似的，沼澤地的。
*The heavy rain has turned the small garden into a swamp.
*The sink overflowed and swamped the kitchen.
*A huge wave swamped the boat. 一個巨浪淹沒了那條船。
*I’ve been swamped with work this year.今年我工作忙得不可開交。
*We asked for applications and were swamped (with them).
*swampy ground 濕軟的地面。
Egret (n.) 白鷺鷥。
Heron [ˈherən] (n.) 蒼鷺。
Oyster (n.) 牡蠣。
The world is your oyster 這個世界是你的。
*You have passed the obstacle and the world is your oyster.
*You’re young; you’ve got a lot of opportunity. The world is your oyster.
Courtyard (n.) 庭院，天井。
*The hotel is built round a courtyard, with fountain and palm tree.
Resemble (v.) to look like or be similar to someone or something 相似，類似，像。
*The cap of a jester, decorated to resemble the comb and a rooster.
*She resembles her sister in appearance but not in character.
Stele [‘stilɪ] (n.) 刻有碑文的石柱，石碑，匾額。
stroll /strəʊl/ DJ /stroʊl/ DJ US /strol/ KK US
1. to walk somewhere in a slow relaxed way 散步；溜達；閑逛 V usually VN + adv./prep.
- People were strolling along the beach. 人們在海灘漫步。
- a slow relaxed walk 散步；溜達；閑逛
- We went for a stroll in the park. 我們去公園散了散步。
endangered (adj) 瀕臨絕種的 Tigers are fast becoming an endangered species because of illegal hunting practices in parts of Asia.
oyster (n) 牡蠣 Debbie thinks her mom makes the best oyster pancakes in town.
courtyard (n) 天井；庭院 The hotel is built around a garden courtyard of beautiful flowers.
catch (v) 去看；去聽 Let’s catch a movie this evening since it’s so cold outside.
treehouse, tower, estuary, mangrove ferest, swamp, wetland, egret, heron, endangered, rarest, black-faced spoonbill, beak, stroll, fort, prowess, fortress, best-preserved, courtyard, stele, emperor, dynasty, bamboo raft, oyster rack, resemble