Discover Taiwan’s culture and history in the island’s oldest city
Old town, Tainan. favored dish
[Chip & Winnie]
Locals say that to visit Tainan is to feel the heart (soul: important part) of Taiwan. As the island’s oldest city, you can relive /ˌriːˈlɪv/ (experience again) the past as you walk through Dutch-built forts and other historic structures built centuries ago. Get a taste of the famous local cuisine, and don’t be surprised if vendors tell you that their recipes are over a hundred years old.
“Everything is old here, except us,” says a local shop owner. “I love the warm hearts of the people here. That never changes.”
Begin your tour at the Anping (安平) Tree House. Built in the 19th century as a warehouse for British trading company Tait & Co., the building was abandoned (not used) in 1935. Since then, a giant banyan tree has made its home there.
Upon entering the Tree House, you’ll find yourself a wild jungle. Roots of all sizes creep (slowly growing or moving) along the ceilings, leaving you in awe (wonder) of their immense /ɪˈmens/ (massive, tremendous, gigantic, enormous) reach.
Next to the Tree House stands the Tait & Co. Merchant House, which includes life-sized wax displays (figures) of the city’s beginnings and colonial (/kə‘lonɪəl/) influences. Learn how Tainan began as a sleepy fishing village and evolved (change through time) into a major port.
[Traditional Chinese Translation]
Tainan natives take great pride in their traditional foods. From seafood to desserts, it would take a long time to sample every delicacy! If you ever visit Tainan, be sure to try the shrimp rolls; right after you dip a crispy [ ‘krispi ] shrimp roll into a little wasabi, you’ll immediately be asking for seconds! The rolls are filled with a fresh shrimp paste, then breaded and fried.
[Ashley & Ken]
A: Ken, thanks for returning these videos.
K: You’re welcome. You know I really enjoyed the movie 「Pearl Harbor」.
A: Oh, good. But it is a really sad movie.
K: Yes, it is. It made me wonder something though. What is the difference between a port and a harbor?
A: That’s a good question. And here to answer that for us today is Doris.
D: Both ports and harbors service stops for ships. The main difference between them is related to size. Harbors are smaller. They are mainly rest stops and are meant for smaller boats. Ports, on the other hand, are areas known for loading ships with goods or passengers.
K: Okay, I get it. Ashley, sometimes New York City is referred to as a port. Why is that?
A: Because it’s a port city. A port city is near a sea or a river that has a harbor. It can also refer to the harbor itself. Ships may come in and out of the city to take up supplies and carry them out.
K: Sometimes I see harbors spelled two different ways. Why is that?
A: Yes, in British English, harbor is spelled h-a-r-b-o-u-r. In American English there is no 「u」. It’s h-a-r-b-o-r.
K: Well, this is useful information. Thanks for helping me understand the differences.
A: You’re welcome and thanks for returning the videos again.
答：是的，在英國英語，拼寫海港海港。在美國英語中是沒有的“U”。它的H – 1 –的r -β- Ø – R的。
今天的這一課提到台南是一個major port，port和harbor都是指海港或者港口，差別在於它的大小，harbor是小型的港，port是大型的港。另外一個差別是harbor主要指海港的水域部分，而port指的是位於港口的城市，也就是一個port city。紐約市就是一個port city。
Vend (v.) 銷售。
Vendor (n.) 1.小販，攤販。2.銷售商。
*a vending machine 投幣或自動販賣機。
*Once the tourists got off their buses, vendors mobbed them with souvenirs.
*Tim is good at dealing with auto-parts vendors.
Immense /ɪˈmens/ (adj.) 廣大的，無邊無際的。
*Online shopping sites have an immense and profitable market.
*The author described the immense wilderness of Siberia in his novel.
Evolve (v.) 發展，進化。
*The once local company has evolved into a global enterprise over the last 15 years.
*Management styles and methods are always evolving.
Fort (n.) 要塞，堡壘，碉堡。
Hold the fort (ph. v.) 代管，留守。
*The attack succeeded, and the fort was taken. 這次襲擊成功，拿下了堡壘。
*Maggie held the fort when her mother was away.
*Will you hold the fort for an hour? 你頂一小時班好嗎?
Warehouse (n.) (US-storehouse)倉庫。
*He has been transferred from the warehouse to the accounts office.
*Pilferage in the warehouse reduces profitability by about two per cent.
Banyan /’bænjən/ (n.) 榕樹。
Awe (n.) (v.) 敬畏。
/ɔː/ /ɑː/ [U]
a feeling of great respect sometimes mixed with fear or surprise
I’ve always held musicians in awe.
As children we were rather in awe of our grandfather.
You can’t help but stand in awe of (= respect greatly and fear slightly) powerful people.
Awesome (adj.) 使人敬畏的。(口)(US) 太棒了，了不起的。
*My brother was much older and cleverer than me so I always held him in (or with) awe.
*They were awed into silence by the sternness of her voice.
*An awesome thunderstorm. 一場令人恐懼的暴風雨。
*Awesome! Totally awesome!
Wax (n.) 蠟，蜂蠟。(v.) 上蠟。Wax museum (BrE-waxworks) 蠟像館。
Wax and wane (idiom) (力量或重要性)興衰。
Waxy (adj.) 像蠟的，蠟色的，蒼白的，光滑的，順從的。
*sealing wax 封蠟，wax polish 上光蠟。
*The floor has just been waxed 地板剛打過蠟。
*He lit up a wax candle. 他點燃了一支蠟燭。
*Throughout history empires have waxed and waned.
*The moon may be dim or bright, wax or wane. 月有陰晴圓缺。
*waxy skin 光滑如蠟的皮膚。
a type of food considered to be very special in a particular place 精美的食物；佳肴 countable
- local delicacies 當地的美味佳肴
vendor (n) 小販；攤販 The night market was filled with street vendors selling snacks and toys.
warehouse (n) 倉庫；貨倉 The company decided to keep old merchandise in a warehouse outside the city.
immense (adj) 廣大的；巨大的 Taipei 101 is immense! It is over 509 m tall.
evolve (v) 逐步發展；逐漸演變 Sasha always wears stylish clothes even though fashion trends evolve very quickly from year to year.
delicacy, relive, fort, historic, cuisine, vendor, warehouse, banyan, awe, immense, creep, abandon