Here’s what to do if you lose your passport, break a leg or even get arrested overseas
[Steve & Hazel]
To learn how to deal with travel disasters.
[Chip & Chelsea]
Broken leg in Bangladesh
A medical emergency in a foreign country is no fun. If you’re in a developed nation, you can count on good emergency care. If you’re in Mongolia or Mozambique, you’ll want to get to the country’s best clinics.
What to do: If you’re in a developed country, haul out(difficult to pull) your credit cards and be ready to provide a payment guarantee( formal promise or assurance). For major crises (worse scenario) such as a broken leg, you’ll get good emergency treatment but will have to request and pay for better hospital rooms and care.
If you’re in an undeveloped country, get in touch with consular or embassy officials. They’ll help you find treatment at a clinic or hospital that serves foreign nationals.
How to prevent it: Be careful what you eat overseas and practice sensible hygiene. If you’re traveling to a Second or Third World country or will be overseas for any length of time, procure (get, obtain, acquire) travel medical insurance.
Also, ensure that your travel insurance includes medical evacuation coverage (financial protection) – Romania is a fine place, but you don’t want to spend two months there while your broken femur heals. A true medical emergency with evacuation home can cost up $100,000.
A good personal hygiene.
[Traditional Chinese Translation]
[Ashley & Ken]
K: Hey, Ashley, America is a developed country right?
A: I would hope so. If America is not a developed country, I don’t know what country is.
K: Well, this article I am reading mentions developed countries, undeveloped countries, Second and Third World countries. It’s all very confusing.
A: Oh, it’s actually not. There’s been ongoing debate for years on which countries are considered developed and which are not. I think if a country can let its citizens enjoy a free and healthy life in a safe environment then that’s good enough to be considered a developed country.
K: And the opposite of a developed country is an undeveloped country?
A: Yes, undeveloped countries are poor and don’t have many industries. And if you want to be more specific, there are also developing countries which are countries that are not fully developed and are still in a process of developing.
K: I see. What about Second World and Third World countries?
A: Hmm, I think we better go to Doris and have her answer this question.
D: Third world country is a term that was often used during the Cold War era. But nowadays, the term has fallen out of use. Since the so called Second World countries, which refer to those controlled by the Soviet Union, no longer exist.
K: Oh, so it has to do with the Cold War. Hey, Ashley, what other terms might be used to categorize countries?
A: Another term for developed country is an advanced country. Some people also use the term industrialized country.
K: Is that all the categories?
A: There is also what’s called a newly industrialized country. Countries like China and India are good examples of newly industrialized country.
K: Wow, that’s a lot of categories. Thanks for explaining.
A: No problem.
developed是發展、開發，這個字可以用來形容一個國家開發的狀態，如果我們講一個developing country用的是進行式，意思就是還在develop，因此developing country就是發展中國家。developing country也有人稱之為Third World country（第三世界國家），但是這個冷戰時期的名稱現在已經很少再用了。相對於developing country就是所謂的developed country（發達國家），也有人稱之為industrialized country（工業化國家）。介於兩者之間還有所謂的newly industrialized country（新興工業化國家）。
Hygiene (n.)[U] 衛生。
*All restaurants need to follow health and hygiene regulations.
*Poor hygiene caused the disease to spread rapidly.
*Students are required to practice good personal hygiene at school.
Procure [prouˈkjur] (v.)[formal] to obtain something, especially something that is difficult to get (尤指費心費力)獲得，取得。
Procurement (n.)[formal] obtaining 獲得。
*We made a lot of effort to procure support from the committee.
*She managed to procure her boss’s word that he would bid for the project.
*My friend procured us tickets for the popular Broadway show.
*He was accused of procuring weapons for terrorists.
Coverage (n.) 保險的項目或範圍。
*What kind of dental coverage does this company offer?
*The new policy is designed to help those who do not have health coverage.
Crisis (n.) (pl. > crises) (=emergency) situation in which there are a lot of problems that must be dealt with quickly so that the situation does not get worse or more dangerous 危機。
[USAGE] Crisis from Longman dictionary
Economic/ financial/ political crisis 經濟，財政，政治危機。
Deal with/ handle a crisis 處理危機
Energy/ oil/ housing crisis 能源，石油，房貸危機。
Debt/ budget crisis 債務，預算危機。
A crisis erupts/ arises 危機爆發，來臨。
A major/ severe crisis 主要，嚴重的危機。
Resolve/ solve/ defuse a crisis 解決，化解危機
Avert a crisis 防止危機。
In/ during a crisis 危機期間。
Be in crisis 陷入危機。
Crisis management (= dealing with a crisis) 危機管理，處理。
Midlife crisis 中年危機。
Crisis of confidence 對政府財政的不信任危機。
Deal with emergency 處理緊急狀況。
In an emergency 處於緊急狀況。
State of emergency 緊急狀態。
Emergency exit/ supplies 緊急出口，應急物料。
Emergency ward 急診病室。
Evacuate (v.) 1. 疏散，撤出，2. 排泄。
Evacuation [ɪˌvækjuˈeɪʃən] (n.) 1. 撤空，撤離，疏散。2. 排泄(物)。
Evacuee [ɪˌvækjuˈiː] (n.) 被疏散者。
*Several families were evacuated from their homes.
Femur [ˈfiːm ər] (n.) 大腿骨。Femoral (adj.)
[USAGE] The human skeleton 人體骨骼。
Vertebrae [‘və:tibri:] 頸椎
shoulder blade = scapula 肩夾骨。
Sternum = breastbone 胸骨
Appendicular [ˌæpənˈdikjulə] skeleton 四肢的骨骼
Upper/lower extremity [ɪkˈstremɪti] 上肢，下肢。
payment (n) 付款；支付的款項 When you buy a house, you need to have a payment plan.
hygiene (n) 衛生 Paul has bad personal hygiene-he only showers every couple of weeks.
procure (v) 取得；獲取 Sam always manages to procure the best table at any restaurant he goes to.
coverage (n)保險涵蓋範圍；保險項目 Our health insurance plans vary in coverage regarding physical examinations and medications.