0813_Worst Case Scenario: How to Deal With Travel Disasters (2)

Here’s what to do if you lose your passport, break a leg or even get arrested overseas

[Steve & Hazel]

To learn how to deal with travel disasters.

[Chip & Chelsea]

Broken leg in Bangladesh
A medical emergency in a foreign country is
no fun. If you’re in a developed nation, you can count on good emergency care. If you’re in Mongolia or Mozambique, you’ll want to get to the country’s best clinics.
What to do: If you’re in a developed country, haul out(difficult to pull) your credit cards and be ready to provide a payment guarantee( formal promise or assurance). For major crises (worse scenario) such as a broken leg, you’ll get good emergency treatment but will have to request and pay for better hospital rooms and care.
If you’re in an undeveloped country,
get in touch with consular or embassy officials. They’ll help you find treatment at a clinic or hospital that serves foreign nationals.
How to prevent it: Be careful what you eat overseas and practice sensible hygiene. If you’re traveling to a Second or Third World country or will be overseas for any length of time, procure (get, obtain, acquire) travel medical insurance.
Also, ensure that your travel insurance includes medical 
evacuation coverage (financial protection) – Romania is a fine place, but you don’t want to spend two months there while your broken femur heals. A true medical emergency with evacuation home can cost up $100,000.

 

A good personal hygiene.

[Traditional Chinese Translation]

出國旅行最怕這個(第一部)
你如果在海外遺失了護照、跌斷了腿,甚至遭到逮捕,照下列建議做準沒錯

      在孟加拉跌斷腿
     
在外國發生緊急醫療狀況可一點都不好玩。你如果身在已開發國家,至少不怕得不到良好的急救照護。但如果是在蒙古或是莫桑比克,可就得想辦法找到該國最好的診所了。
     
該怎麼辦:如果是在已開發國家,就拿出信用卡,準備填寫付款保證書。如果遇到像跌斷腿這樣的重大傷病狀況,那麼你一定能獲得良好的急救醫療;但如果想要住到較好的病房或得到更好的照護,就得自己提出要求,也必須支付所需的費用。
如果是在未開發國家,就趕緊和領事館或大使館的官員取得聯繫。他們會協助你找到服務外國人的診所或醫院。
     
該怎麼預防:人在海外的時候,飲食要小心,也要注意衛生。你如果要到第二或第三世界國家,或是必須在海外待上一段時間,記得先買旅遊醫療保險。
     
此外,別忘了確認你的旅遊保險有包含緊急醫療運送——羅馬尼亞是個好地方,但你如果在那裡跌斷了大腿骨,可不會想要在那兒住上兩個月等待腿傷痊癒。真正緊急的醫療狀況再加上運送返鄉的費用,可能會高達十萬美元。

[More Information]

[Ashley & Ken]

K: Hey, Ashley, America is a developed country right?
A:
I would hope so. If America is not a developed country, I don’t know what country is.
K: Well, this article I am reading mentions developed countries, undeveloped countries, Second and Third World countries. It’s all very confusing.
A: Oh, it’s actually not. There’s been ongoing debate for years on which countries are considered developed and which are not. I think if a country can let its citizens enjoy a free and healthy life in a safe environment then that’s good enough to be considered a developed country.
K: And the opposite of a developed country is an undeveloped country?
A: Yes, undeveloped countries are poor and don’t have many industries. And if you want to be more specific, there are also
developing countries which are countries that are not fully developed and are still in a process of developing.
K: I see. What about Second World and Third World countries?
A: Hmm,
I think we better go to Doris and have her answer this question.
K: Okay.

D: Third world country is a term that was often used during the Cold War era. But nowadays, the term has fallen out of use. Since the so called Second World countries, which refer to those controlled by the Soviet Union, no longer exist.

K: Oh, so it has to do with the Cold War. Hey, Ashley, what other terms might be used to categorize countries?
A: Another term for developed country is an advanced country. Some people also use the term industrialized country.
K: Is that all the categories?
A: There is also
what’s called a newly industrialized country. Countries like China and India are good examples of newly industrialized country.
K: Wow, that’s a lot of categories.
Thanks for explaining.
A: No problem.

developed是發展、開發,這個字可以用來形容一個國家開發的狀態,如果我們講一個developing country用的是進行式,意思就是還在develop,因此developing country就是發展中國家。developing country也有人稱之為Third World country(第三世界國家),但是這個冷戰時期的名稱現在已經很少再用了。相對於developing country就是所謂的developed country(發達國家),也有人稱之為industrialized country(工業化國家)。介於兩者之間還有所謂的newly industrialized country(新興工業化國家)。

 

[Liz]

[Michelle]

 

Hygiene (n.)[U] 衛生。
*All restaurants need to follow health and hygiene regulations.
所有的餐廳都必須遵守健康以及衛生的法規。
*Poor hygiene caused the disease to spread rapidly.
衛生習慣不佳造成這個疾病快速的傳染。
*Students are required to
practice good personal hygiene at school.
學生們被要求在學校要有良好的個人衛生習慣。
Procure [prouˈkjur] (v.)[formal] to obtain something, especially something that is difficult to get (尤指費心費力)獲得,取得。 
Procurement (n.)[formal] obtaining 獲得。
*We made a lot of effort to procure support from the committee.
我們很努力的取得委員會的支持。
*She managed to procure her boss’s word that he would
bid for the project.
她想盡辦法獲得老闆同意投標這個案子。
*My friend procured us tickets for the popular Broadway show.
我的朋友幫我找到受歡迎的百老匯秀門票。
*He was accused of procuring weapons for terrorists.
他被控告為恐怖份子取得武器。
Coverage (n.) 保險的項目或範圍。
*What kind of
dental coverage does this company offer?
這家公司提供的牙醫保險項目有哪些呢?
*The new policy is designed to help those who do not have health coverage.
這個新政策是要幫助那些沒有健康保險的人。
Crisis (n.) (pl. > crises) (=emergency) situation in which there are a lot of problems that must be dealt with quickly so that the situation does not get worse or more dangerous 危機。
[USAGE] Crisis    from Longman dictionary
Economic/ financial/ political crisis
經濟,財政,政治危機。
Deal with/ handle a crisis
處理危機
Energy/ oil/ housing crisis
能源,石油,房貸危機。
Debt/ budget crisis
債務,預算危機。
A crisis erupts/ arises
危機爆發,來臨。
A major/ severe crisis
主要,嚴重的危機。
Resolve/ solve/ defuse a crisis
解決,化解危機
Avert a crisis
防止危機。
In/ during a crisis
危機期間。
Be in crisis
陷入危機。
Crisis management (= dealing with a crisis)
危機管理,處理。
Midlife crisis
中年危機。
Crisis of confidence
對政府財政的不信任危機。
[USAGE] Emergency
Deal with emergency
處理緊急狀況。
In an emergency
處於緊急狀況。
State of emergency
緊急狀態。
Emergency exit/ supplies
緊急出口,應急物料。
Emergency ward
急診病室。
Evacuate (v.) 1. 疏散,撤出,2. 排泄。
Evacuation [ɪˌvækjuˈeɪʃən] (n.) 1. 撤空,撤離,疏散。2. 排泄()
Evacuee [ɪˌvækjuˈiː] (n.) 被疏散者。
*Several families were evacuated from their homes.
許多家庭被撤出他們的家鄉。
Femur [ˈfiːm ər] (n.) 大腿骨。Femoral (adj.)
[USAGE] The human skeleton 人體骨骼。
Skull
頭骨
Vertebrae [‘və:tibri:]
頸椎
spine
脊柱
shoulder blade = scapula
肩夾骨。
Rib
肋骨
Sternum = breastbone
胸骨
Appendicular [ˌæpənˈdikjulə] skeleton
四肢的骨骼
Upper/lower extremity [ɪkˈstremɪti]
上肢,下肢。

[Vocabulary]

payment (n) 付款;支付的款項 When you buy a house, you need to have a payment plan.
hygiene (n)
衛生 Paul has bad personal hygiene-he only showers every couple of weeks.
procure (v)
取得;獲取 Sam always manages to procure the best table at any restaurant he goes to.
coverage (n)
保險涵蓋範圍;保險項目 Our health insurance plans vary in coverage regarding physical examinations and medications.

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